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Fighting prescription drug abuse– 2: Effects of opioid detox

Fighting prescription drug abuse– 2: Effects of opioid detox

Opioids are a class of drugs that are generally prescribed to treat pain. Addiction to opioids is devastating and can severely affect an individual’s physical, mental health as well as financial health. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), in 2012, approximately 2.1 million individuals in the United States are suffering from substance use disorders related to prescription opioid pain relievers.

Opioids have a high tendency to cause dependency and addiction. These attach themselves to the opiate receptors in the brain, spinal cord and the gastrointestinal tract. Although the opioid receptors occur naturally in the brain, they remain under a safe limit and do not adversely affect the body. Opioids from external sources tend to mimic the effects of these naturally occurring opioids.

Addiction to opioids can be treated by undergoing a detox treatment. To know whether someone is addicted to a substance, one can take note of the symptoms that he/she exhibits once the drug use is stopped. These include muscle ache, restlessness, anxiety, runny nose and others.

Withdrawing from an opiate is not easy since stopping its use can make one experience uncomfortable symptoms. Apart from this, a person needs determination and perseverance to stay on the path of de-addiction.

Causes of opioid withdrawal

An individual experiences opium withdrawal symptoms because the body gets dependent on the substance one abuses due to certain chemical changes that occur due to smoking, eating or injecting opium derivatives. Although a single time use does not lead to withdrawal symptoms, long-term abuse usually causes them.

The intensity of the withdrawal symptoms experienced by an individual depends on the duration of the drug use, the amount, the ways in which it has been used and numerous others. The discomfort caused due to these withdrawal symptoms is a major reason why individuals prefer to stay addicted to these drugs.

Effects of opioid withdrawal

Opioid withdrawal has severe side-effects and makes an individual feel unpleasant and uncomfortable. Therefore, it is always advisable to opt for this treatment under strict medical supervision.

Nausea and stomach cramping are common during the detox process. Bone and muscle pain can also occur. Severe diarrhea is another dangerous condition that might arise during the process. Vomiting, anxiety and intense cravings for the drugs that are hard to curb are also felt by the individual undergoing treatment for opiate detox.

Individuals might also feel insomniac and have dilated pupils apart from increasingly feeling irritated or agitated. One might also experience suicidal thoughts and seizures. There are high chances of an individual contracting sudden high fever and coma.

Though the symptoms listed above are common, these might still vary from person to person. Therefore, one must ensure that he/she consults a doctor the moment an uncomfortable situation arises or any of the symptoms manifest, if not already under medical supervision.

Though tough, detoxification is crucial for drug-free life

According to the NIDA, opioids account for the greatest proportion of the prescription drug abuse problem. Therefore, it is not only urgent but important to take measures and curb the problem of opioid addiction and save lives.

If you or someone you know is suffering from an addiction to opioids and is looking for detox centers in Colorado, the Colorado Detox Helpline can assist you. You may call us at our 24/7 helpline number at 866-730-5807 or chat online with one of our experts to know about the best drug detox treatment centers in Colorado that can provide the best treatment.

Read the other articles of the series, “Fighting prescription drug abuse”:

  1. Opioid detox, first step to recovery

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